Omran’19 Publication

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OBJECTIVES This is a call for contribution to form a publication which follows the success of the Architectural
Forum OMRAN’19. It will furthermore engage and explore the main theme of “Architecture of
Territory” by offering a compelling perspective of territorial planning in the Arab World. A territory
three times the size of the European Union, home to 423,000,000 inhabitants. There is a lack of accessible information about architecture and urban planning in the Arab territory
which currently undermines the potential research accessible to students, academics and any citizen.
The recording and documentation of such information is crucial for the development and evolution Arab
culture. This publication will offer readers an overview of projects that will contribute to the ready found
information on State territorial ambitions. DEFINITIONS National Narrative: A National Narrative is a story written or spoken, that unifies a Nations’ citizens,
and promotes an awareness of their common values and characteristics. It is often used by
governments to consolidate their power. It is a multi-story strand that adapts through time beyond
the government’s version. Nation-State/Country: The narrative of a single cultural identity used to unify and organize a territory
under a specific sovereignty to form a political entity. On one hand the state is an abstract
infrastructure meant to provide stability and other hand, the nation is an ideology for unity. Post-Independence: Countries in the Arab World that took their independence either by foreign
domination or through the formation of a new national state in the Twentieth Century. Political Structures: Institutions and mechanisms set up by governments to directly or indirectly
implement political, social and economic systems.
Arab World: The 22 countries of the Arab League: Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq,
Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia,
Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen. Architecture: The conceiving / strategizing / designing of the built environment, affecting economic,
political and social policies. Territory: A geographical delimitation, under the jurisdiction of a ruling power. Territorial Planning / Planning: A decision-making process resulting in the development of spatial
strategies aimed at realizing specific goals through the application of policies, mechanisms and
regulatory procedures over a specific territory.
To what extent do post-independent political structures in the Arab World rely on Architecture and
Territorial Planning to promote their respective National Narratives? By what Architectural means
and planning strategies are National Narratives being translated on the Territory?
Since the beginning of the Twentieth Century, the Arab World witnessed a dramatic phase of
decolonization process, taking their independence either from foreign domination or through the
formation of a new modern country, transforming the territory and its spatial organization. There was
an opportunity for post-independent countries to reclaim their destiny and national ambitions by
promoting a National Narrative, using political structures such as institutions and mechanisms,
directly or indirectly, to implement their political and economic ambitions through spatial and territorial
interventions. The concept of controlling cities and territories through Planning has been perpetuated
through the millennia well before the creation of Nation-States. Architecture and planning, through
conceiving, strategizing and designing often emerge as a result of proactive policymaking that seeks to
endow a territory with facilities, and by extension, to leave a tangible trace of government. Through the
use of territorial planning, the government consolidated and influenced their National Narratives.
These Narratives can be instilled and diffused through writings and images but most effectively through
the built environment. For a National Narrative to become tangible on the territory it goes through
efficient methods of planning and developing infrastructure but also through a range of political and
economic schemes. The National Narrative unifies citizens, with an awareness of their common values
and characteristics as a nation by recounting the story of who they are, what composes their past and
where they are heading as a people. National Narratives emerge in the form of stories, written or
spoken, that a national collective tells about itself. It does not only include the government's/states
‘version, it is a multi-story strand, with adaptation, reinterpretation and addition. The creation of
Architectural typologies, methods, and languages through the Planning of squares, neighbourhoods,
and infrastructures, are some of the tools used by Nation-States to implement and legitimize in the
collective mind a National Narrative. The aim is to stake out a territory to communicate, if not proclaim,
an ideal. Above and beyond their primary program, any kind of public building, infrastructure or
masterplan first and foremost is meant to express the power of the state over its territory. Architecture
thus becomes a crucial vehicle to instil and perpetuate a National Narrative. What are the common practices carried out across the Arab World in planning their
territory? Are the Nation-States the main stakeholders in territorial planning, or has the private sector
and independent organizations taken over? To what end are territorial projects being produced? What are the forces driving those
developments? And what is the role of the architect in developing and producing these
projects? What are the implications on the end user? How did these urban visions modify the
way of life of these societies?How did regional forces and states' ambitions shape the planning development of those
nations? To examine the translations of National Narratives through architecture and planning strategies and
their impact on the Arab territory, we invite you to submit a written piece with an open format. It can
include images, drawings, or maps. We ask that examples of built or unbuilt, current past or future
projects be used to tackle the problematic. Architecture of the Territory:
Constructing a National Narrative
Abstracts of around 400 words, can include images and illustrations in low resolution, should be sent,
together with a short biography, as one single pdf-file that is not bigger than 3mb to before 31 July 2020. A list of up to six key words may be placed below. Publication date to be around Spring 2021. More infos and full brief on websiteNation-State / National Narrative / Arab World / Territorial Planning / Architecture / Role of the
Architect / Power Structures / Policy-making / Economic and Political Vision.