Creativity for New Hygienism
How can innovation, architecture and design protect us from pandemics? This competition is an invitation to come up with innovative proposals capable of responding to the health crisis we are going through and those we may encounter tomorrow.
The stakes of the competition in detail.It is now more than a century since humanity has experienced a health crisis as great as covid-19. Combined with hyper-globalization, this pandemic has now almost totally paralyzed our activities, be they economic, social or cultural. At a time when half of the world’s population is confined and a return to normality seems far away, it seems essential to us to imagine, to bring out and to promote the ideas that will set the health and hygiene challenges of tomorrow. Born in the middle of the 19th century, the hygienist movement revolutionized practices by applying to them the great scientific and medical discoveries of the time made by researchers such as Louis Pasteur and Antoine Lavoisier. On an urban and architectural scale, one can think in particular of Haussmann’s work in Paris in the 19th century, which enabled entire districts to escape the insalubrity of the city’s districts, or the work of architects such as Alvar Aalto and Le Corbusier in the 20th century, who tackled the challenges of health and architecture by placing the body, air and sun at the heart of their designs. This same period saw innovations in the field of science and technology with the appearance of new processes such as Pasteurization, the creation of new medical equipment carried by great patrons such as Henri de Rothschild. Let us mention, in a jumble, and without exclusivity, Patrice Bourdelais, Georges Vigarello, Bernard-Pierre Lecuyer or Claire Salomon-Bayet on hygienists, Caroline Moriceau, Geneviève Massard-Guilbaud, Vincent Viet on industrial pollution and hygiene, Sabine Barles and André Guillerme on metabolism and urban miasmas, Olivier Faure and Yannick Marec on medicine and assistance, François Ewald, Pierre Rosanvallon and Paolo Napoli on the welfare state and administration, and Alessandro Stanziani on food safety.
At that time, public health was defined as a related set of disciplines including medicine, pharmacy, chemistry, civil and military engineering, architecture, public administration, statistics, technology and political economy. Today, we can also link the environment, innovation, culture and the social sciences.It is now certain that the pandemic we are experiencing will have a lasting impact on our societies. We can imagine that the necessary de confinement that will take place in the coming weeks will be accompanied by the emergence of a new hygienic trend. What will be the impact of this crisis at all levels? How will health security, in the broadest sense, develop in the coming years? What will be the new protections and limits of our environments?
These are the various issues that we invite you to think about! A few references that have enabled us to work on this subject and that may be of interest to you: G. Jorland, “A society to be cared for. Hygiène et salubrité publiques en France au XIXe siècle”, Gallimard.Gérard Seignan, “L’hygiène sociale au XIXe siècle: une physiologie morale”, Revue d’histoire du XIXe siècle, 2010.Stéphane Frioux, Les Batailles de l’hygiène. Villes et environnement de Pasteur aux Trente Glorieuses, Paris, Presses universitaires de France, 2013.Griset Pascal, and Alexandre Fernandez. “Les logiques spatiales de l’innovation, XIXe-XXe siècles”, Histoire, économie & société, 2007.Joëlle Forest, Abdelillah Hamdouch “When innovation makes the city sustainable”, METIS Lyon Tech, 2015Denis Varaschin “Risks and risk-taking in industrial companies”, PIE, 2007Janine M. Benyus “Biomimicry: When nature inspires sustainable innovations”, L’Écopoche, 2017Book written according to the records of the most distinguished scholars, writers, artists, agronomists and merchants, “Dictionnaire chronologique et raisonné des découvertes, inventions”, Louis Colas, bookseller-publisher, 1824.
Description of the project
Horizontal A3 folder (PDF) – 10 pages Max – including your project/idea
Photos of the team
3 CATEGORIES / 3 SCALES OF REFLECTION
We invite you to propose strategies and solutions to fight against the pandemic we are going through and future pandemics that we could experience on 3 scales:
-Innovation for the Territory
What solutions can we imagine to fight against the spread of pandemics at the territorial and urban levels? How can we reintegrate health in the territories, what will be the health network of tomorrow?
-Innovation for Architecture
In this time of confinement many people suffer from being locked in small spaces. How can we imagine new interactions with the environment in full confinement?Hospitals are under great strain because of the large number of additional patients they receive. What architectural solutions could be implemented to respond to periods of crisis?
-Innovation for Design
Field hospitals today allow medical staff to take in more patients, what will tomorrow’s field hospital be?
Airplanes and trains are used to transfer patients. What transport solutions could be implemented to facilitate the transport of patients?The mask remains one of the best means of protection against contamination. What clothing and accessories will protect us from pandemics in the future?